The urban scheme for a housing development in Oktyabrskiy, Republic
of Bashkortostan, comprises a regular grid of building fields. Contrasting
with standard Russian planning methods, the projected perimeter-block
arrangement provides distinctive spatial constellations while the
overall building height is reduced. The urban structure allows for
a maximum of architectonic freedom and programmatic flexibility. |
Each block is pre-configured according to a ‘block passport’, determining
the maximum building envelope, guaranteeing the proper connection
to the uneven terrain and sufficient insolation for the housing units.
In order to be in control of programmatic and insolation requirements,
a range of building modules and respective typologies is developed
and projected onto the building fields.
Within the projected configurations, not the ‘building block’ but
the ‘building unit’ becomes the smallest component of composition
and architectonic identity. Interior courtyards and pedestrian streets
provide a collective identity on the scale of the block.
The major communal space is an enlarged street profile, the so-called
‘boulevard’. It is a significant, landscaped area, able to accommodate
diverse communal activities and to attract small-scale commercial
premises within the adjacent building blocks.
On the edge of the block perimeters, ‘margin zones’ are integrated
within the street profiles, allowing for customized housing front
areas on ground level (entrance parties, front yards, etc.) and on
upper storeys (balconies, winter gardens, bay windows etc.).